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Concussion Symptoms, Testing and Treatment

What is a Concussion?

Concussions are caused by a blow or bump to the head. Some can be minor, affecting the brain for a short period of time; others can be severe, leading to permanent brain damage or death. Regardless, all concussions need to be taken seriously and treated with the utmost care. If your child believes they have a concussion, or if you notice the symptoms yourself, seek medical attention right away. You can't see a concussion, so knowing the signs and symptoms can make a significant difference in treatment and care.

What are the Signs and Symptoms?

Problems can arise over the first 24-48 hours; however, the following signs and symptoms could take days or weeks to surface. Once signs or symptoms are noticed, monitor for worsening of their condition over the next few days, as this could be a sign of something more fatal.

Signs Observed by Parents or Guardians

  • Appears dazed or stunned
  • Is confused about assignment or position
  • Forgets instructions
  • Is unsure of game, score or opponent
  • Moves clumsily
  • Answers questions slowly
  • Loses consciousness (even briefly)
  • Shows behavior or personality changes
  • Can't recall events prior to hit or fall
  • Can't recall events after hit or fall

Symptoms Reported by The Concussed

  • Headache or "pressure" in the head
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Balance problems or dizziness
  • Double or blurry vision
  • Sensitivity to light and/or noise
  • Feeling sluggish, hazy, foggy or groggy
  • Concentration or memory problems
  • Confusion

ImPACT Testing

Used in all of the high schools we serve, ImPACT allows our experienced staff to evaluate how a patient's brain is functioning after an injury. Combining a comprehensive clinical exam with neurocognitive testing, our specialists establish baseline memory, attention, processing speed and reaction time scores before an athlete ever gets concussed. After a concussion is diagnosed, the athlete will retake the test to determine when they are ready to get back into the game.

Additional Resources


To learn more or to answer questions you may have, contact Hendricks Regional Health about our sports medicine, school partnership and concussion management services.

Dr. Booher & Dr. Ritchie - Avon YMCA
(317) 718-4263 (GAME)

Dr. Fean - Brownsburg Hospital
(317) 456-9063

Dr. Harsha - Danville Hospital
(317) 718-4676